If My Feather Bed Gets Wet, Is It Ruined?

Feather beds are the ultimate in bed luxury and provide soft luxurious comfort for the sleeper. Most featherbeds are bought in stores seasonally and they are about 3 inches in height. They are typically imported from China due to the high labor cost to make them. They are also expensive to ship so most folks buy in stores (although if you buy online at a website offering free shipping it’s a good deal).

They are not machine washable so it is important to offer the right amount of preventative maintenance to keep your investment in good order. Most sold in stores sell for between $50 and $100. They are sold online and are usually much more expensive because they offer features not available in store models (such as being hypoallergenic and made in the USA, plus a better filling like 10/90 white goose versus 5/95 duck).

They are never sold with stain or water resistant protection so it is important to learn how to cover and protect your investment. You should always consider using a protector which usually is made of cotton and features a zipper closure. These covers are typically made with a twill weave cotton and offer another layer of thick fabric to keep daily usage, perspiration and dirt from getting on it. Feather bed covers are not water resistant and will frequently sell in the $25 to $50 range. Be sure that the protector you buy is large enough to fit your feather bed – some styles like down top featherbeds can be really thick. We recommend considering feather bed covers with a gusset which will fit the gusset of it very nicely.

Even with a feather bed protector I hand it is recommended to use a water proof liner or mattress pad on top to prevent any spills from kids or dogs to a minimum. Make sure to buy one with a soft liner versus a crunchy plastic liner which can be annoying. Having a mattress pad with a skirt will also have the benefit of keeping it more in place (and thus limiting it from sliding).

Now if your feather bed got wet or soiled from a child, pet or other type of accident and it did not have a waterproof liner you will likely need to get rid of it and replace it. This is because feather beds are too large and even the smallest one is not machine washable or dryable. Furthermore the option of dry cleaning should be avoided as well due to the size and inability of the process to remove moisture. The area of the greatest concern are the feathers and their quills. These hollow tubes can store water and make it very hard to remove. And with moisture present and your body warmth against the feather bed you are basically cooking the bacteria and allowing the possibility of mold. Thus you should never wash or dry clean a wet feather bed.

Source by Stefan Hunter

Famous Peruvian Women

There are few famous Peruvian women, because of the fact that many other countries do not share the same ideas as to what constitutes a famous person. One woman that has went beyond these stereotypes is Kina Malpartida, a boxer. Born in 1980, she is in the super featherweight division of boxers, and stands only five foot eight inches tall. Her name in the ring is Dinamita, and she currently lives in the US in California for her career. Born in Lima, Peru she is an icon to women everywhere in Peru.

Silvana Arias was born in 1977 in Lima and is an actress who also has a fashion design degree. She began her career as an actress in a series on television in Peru before becoming known in the US. She was on the NBC soap opera Passions as character Paloma Lopez-Fitzgerald and decided to leave when the show moved to DirecTV. As of this time she is working as character Veronica Jessica Murillio in a show called Perro Amor.

Susana Baca is yet another famous Peruvian woman, who became a singer of Afro-Peruvian descent. She was a key person in the revival of her music in Peru, which was prior to her work, largely unrecognized. Now a major part of the culture, she has made many steps towards the recognition and popularity of her music. Her album released in 1995 offered a song called Maria Lando and was also released by Luaka Bop, a record label owned by David Byrne who was the front man for Talking Heads.

Sofia Mulanovich Aljovin was born in 1983 in Lima and is a surfer. She was the first ever female surfer from Peru to win the Association of Surfing Professionals World Championship Tour. She was inducted into the hall of fame for surfers in the 10th anniversary celebration and is the first South American to ever have the honor.

With all the talent that abounds from Peruvian women, there is no wonder so many men choose Latina marriages. Not only are many of these famous women talented, but all are beautiful in their own rights. Offering athletic bodies, voices worth swooning over and skills unmatched by others, these women are charismatic and each woman in Peru offers attributes of the same. Many of the most beautiful women have came from Peru, as 12 beauty queens have been from the area. In 1989, Mrs. World was won by Lucila Boggiano de Zoeger, and in 2004 Miss World was won by Maria Julia Mantilla, two of the most beautiful women in the world from Peru.

Not only does Peru offer many tourist attractions, but some of the most beautiful and talented women in the Americas. Latina women are strong and independent but very affectionate and caring. Always dedicated to home and their relationships, Peruvian women are easy to please and quick to please their mates.

Source by Joe Lindsey

Marbro Lamp History

Marbro Lamp Company was founded by Morris Markoff and his brother, hence the name Marbro from Markoff brothers. They started the company shortly after WWII. The company was located in a 3 story brick building in the garment district of Los Angeles, just south of downtown right by the Santa Monica Freeway. During the time they ran the company, they sold almost as many antiques as they did lamps.

They also had a sizable business in decorative accessories such as tables, and a lot of animal figurines. There were quite a few dog figurines that were life size. One dog figurine was a life size Great Dane purchased by the actor Jack Webb (Dragnet). There were quite a few celebrities that came in to their shop. One actress who shopped there repeatedly was Deborah Shelton who at the time played the part of “Mandy” on Dallas (remember J.R.).

Marbro sold their products mainly through interior designers and a few upscale furniture stores. You would not find a Marbro product in a chain furniture store or discount store. Most of the products were built to order, and a typical order from a designer or retailer took between 75 and 90 days to complete.

Most of the components that made up the lamp bodies (ceramic, brass etc) were purchased from small companies around the world (see porcelain figure from Italy at top of page). In the later years almost all of the brass came from India. For the most part, none of the bodies were made on site. Marbro was well-known for importing a variety of unique lighting from all over the world. Italy was the source for alabaster, Japan and China for Porcelain, Brass in India and Crystal from Germany and France. Lamps would also be made from sculptures that customers brought in to the shop.

Once the lamp bodies arrived, a group of Marbro employees would make the wood bases, spin the metal caps, make the shades, and do the painting and tinting. With the help of about 20-40 other true world class artisans, metal workers, finishers and hand made shade makers, they produced lamps and shades that are some of last of their kind of art. For example, Marbro brass was never just plain brass. It was stained with a tinting that was homemade and kept secret by the company (reminiscent of Handel Lamp Co.). There were quite a few of these preparations all kept in one of those little metal boxes on a 3×5″ file card just like a recipe. It was truly unique.

Many of the lamp bodies that were bought were not exactly matched as pairs. Sometimes 10-20 crystal vases would have to be sorted through to get 2 of the exact same height so that if the lamps were purchased as a pair, they would match. All of the shades were made by hand by a group of women on the second floor of the building with very little automation.

The lamps were considered high style fine lamps for the times and presently. Brass and porcelain lamps would wholesale for a$300 – $3,000 while crystal and bronze lamps were $2,000 – $4,000.

The manufacturing plant was closed in Los Angeles in December 1990 and the inventory and equipment were moved to LaBarge Mirrors in Holland, MI. At the time LaBarge Mirrors was a Masco Corp subsidiary. Some time later, the Marbro product line was discontinued. Eventually, Masco sold most of their home furnishings manufacturing holdings.

Marbo assembled a very talented, experienced and most unique group of artists and craftsmen and many of their fine lamps exhibit a certain distinctive style. Most of the employees were in their 50’s and older. There were quite a few employees in their late 60’s and 70’s. Today their lamps are very collectible and sought after especially by knowledgeable collectors who are familiar with the company’s lamps and history.

It is obvious from the company’s careful selection of art objects and their unique proprietary methods of lamp making that their goal was to design beautiful unique and very high quality lamps. Their success is obvious from the very fine collectible Marbro lamps that are still sought after today.

Source by Jim Hoyle

1950S in Popular Culture: Beatniks, Elvis and Polka Dot Skirts

The 1950s was an interesting decade, jammed between another World War and a new, threatening age of nuclear power and atomic energy. This period saw the roots sewn for the carefree generation of the 60s, as the ‘Beat generation’ saw no hope and thus began to rebel against social conventions.

The classic musical Grease sums up many of the stereotypical fashions, lifestyles and attitudes of the 50s. Young men dressed in leather jackets, slicked back their hair with a comb they kept in their top pocket, and called girls “dolls” and “baby”. Rock ‘n’ roll was born, with Elvis Presley one of the main protagonists. His characteristic dancing is still parodied to this day.

Other big names on the rock ‘n’ roll music scene include Buddy Holly, famous for his thick-rimmed ‘nerd glasses’, Chuck Berry, and Johnny Cash.

In film, European cinema enjoyed a renaissance as resources were again available. Because of television’s threat, producers sought new and innovative ways of driving audiences back into cinemas. Big production and spectacle films gained popularity, with titles like ‘The Story of Robin Hood and His Merrie Men’, ‘The Ten Commandments’ and ‘The Seventh Voyage of Sinbad’. The 50s were labelled a golden era for 3D cinema – will today’s latest reincarnation of this technology live up to this?

Japanese cinema also reached its zenith during this period, with notable directors including Akira Kurosawa, Yasujiro Ozu and Kenji Mizoguchi.

Beatniks & polka dot skirts

The fifties also saw the ‘return of fashion’, following the lifting of the austere measures enforced during World War II. Many Paris fashion houses re-opened and there was a flood of synthetic fabrics and easy-care processes; drip-dry nylon, orlon and dacron became immensely popular, while acrylic, polyester and spandex were also all introduced in the 50s.

‘Teddy Boys’ wore an exaggerated version of Edwardian fashion, sporting skinny ties and narrow trousers revealing garish socks. In the States the ‘Greasers’ were the nearest equivalent, rebelling in a similar way against the styles of their parents.

In fact, as usual the USA was highly influential in popular culture, with the idea of the ‘Beat Generation’ introduced by author Jack Kerouac. The ‘beatniks’ were an underground, non-conformist youth gathering that sprung up in New York. A typical look included a beret, pair of sunglasses and black turtleneck sweater. Jeans and leather jackets were also popular.

For women specifically, hair was often worn short and curled in a ‘New York look’. Hats were essential for all but the most casual occasions. Later in the decade the curly ‘poodle cut’, the ‘bouffant’ and the ‘beehive’ came into fashion, made famous today by Marge Simpson and Amy Winehouse. Beat girls obviously wore their hair long and straight; the direct opposite of these styles.

Ever increasing factory production made the 50s an era of mass-produced clothing and standardised sizes. The ‘ready to wear’ industry was born. Ladies wore very feminine styles, with bows, flounces and frills. Halterneck and strapless dresses were a big trend, and skirts were very full, often accompanied by petticoats to give extra body.

Still, nothing says 1950s more than a circle skirt. These were worn by the younger generation (as ‘teenagers’ were now established as a sort of mainstream subculture), always on top of petticoat underskirts. They were often homemade, and while they featured a range of designs, poodle skirts and polka dot skirts are the most iconic.

Source by Jude Ellery

Simple Accounting For The Small Business – Bookkeeping Using A Simple Spreadsheet Template

Starting a small business out of your home, offering products or services like business consulting, photography, selling on the web or a MLM? You are now faced with tracking all your expenses and revenues for your business and you certainly don’t have the money yet to engage a bookkeeper or accountant. If your business is a sole proprietorship, whether it be a Canadian Proprietorship or a US-based Proprietorship, you do not require an accountant to submit your company financials (books) to the IRS (USA) or Revenue Canada). Your business revenue and losses are reported as part of your annual personal income tax. For this small business start-up, you won’t need to buy fancy accounting software, like Quick Books or AccPac to track your business.

Only as part of incorporating Bizfare Enterprise Inc in 2005 was it a requirement to engage an accountant. My accountant did insist on using Quick Books software for my business accounting. Up until then using a simple spreadsheet template served my business accounting needs for over ten years. This simple spreadsheet accounting stood the test of multiple audits by Revenue Canada (CRA and Revenue Canada Goods and Services Tax. Both the hardcopy columnar pad and an electronic spreadsheet version of my financial books were accepted by Revenue Canada. (BTW the audits disclosed more ways for me to claim back additional taxes for the previous three years! Now that’s my type of audit!)

In your new start-up business venture, you likely will generate somewhere between 10 to 30 accounting transactions per month. These transactions would be items like Expense, Revenue (sales), Liability (Loan) type transactions and Sales Tax (Federal + State/Provincial) Collection/Deductions. These transactions are further broken down into various Business Accounts. All the Accounts you set up for your business is called a Chart of Accounts. Recording your business financial transactions (Journal Entries) can be executed with pen and ink on an accounting columnar pad or electronically with your computer using a spreadsheet program (MS Excel, Open Office, Star Office).

Whether you employ electronic or hardcopy media, you need to develop a simple Journal template to create your Business Synoptic Journal. This Synoptic Journal format has the advantage of allowing you a complete view of all your individual journal entry transactions against all your various Business Accounts. Creating this Synoptic Journal is easier to do than you think and requires no prior accounting or bookkeeping knowledge.

TIP #1: You could further reduce the accounting line items (Journal Entries) by consolidating like items such as ‘all the Sales for the month’ and ‘all parking receipts for the month’ into one totaled line item for the month.

Where do you start to identify the various Business Accounts required for your Synoptic Journal?

If you currently work for a company or government, secure of one of their employee expense forms. Look at each of the areas identified as expenses – meals, mileage, hotel accommodations, taxi, car rental, telephone & cell phone, air fare, office supplies, etc. This is an excellent place to identify the various Business Expense Accounts you need to set up for your business accounting books. To complete your business Chart of Accounts, include a Business Bank Account, Sales, COGS (Cost of Goods Sold), Sales Tax Collection, Marketing Expense and others as required. Each of these Accounts will be a listed as a title across the top of each column of your Synoptic Journal. Each row (line item) will be the individual journal transactions entered by you. The journal transactions are grouped and summarized for each business month; usually, January through December.

So your Synoptic Journal would look something like this Sample Synoptic Journal at http://picasaweb.google.com/carl.chesal/BookkeepingTemplate.

The column headings might be in this order (from left to right):


TIP #2: Unless your business is Incorporated or an LLC, you don’t need to go through the expense of opening a business account with your bank. Usually Business accounts charge a higher monthly fee, charge for printing checks (cheques) and don’t offer any interest on your monthly account balance. Instead, open a separate personal bank account (maybe savings). This will show the ‘taxman’ that you are keeping the business separate from your personal banking. Remember you are a sole proprietor and all your business income (and losses) are to be applied directly to your personal income tax submission ( a s per IRS and CRA).

To save you time and make is very simple, I have already created a simple spreadsheet Synoptic Journal template that performs all the calculations for each month and rolls up the 12 business months so it can easily be included in your annual personal income tax preparation. This Synoptic Journal template has Debit/Credit checks and balances, tracks sales taxes, mileage and totals each account for your entire fiscal year. If you want this FREE Bookkeeping template, you can get it at Communicate Innovate. With a few key strokes, which will help identify yourself, I will gladly send you this FREE Synoptic Journal Template and also any future Small Business Tips.

TIP #3: One Rule of Accounting is that every time you record a journal entry (line item which applies the transaction against the appropriate business accounts) the Debits and Credits MUST REMAIN EQUAL at ALL Times. This Debit Equals Credit calculator is built into this FREE Bookkeeping Template. When you have completed entering a line item (journal transaction), check to ensure that the amount the the Debit cell equals the amount in the Credit cell. If they are not equal, you have not entered the amounts properly in your journal transaction. Correct the problem before entering your next journal entry.

You are now equipped to capture your business financial books with some simple accounting software. Happy bookkeeping! And Happy Selling!

Source by Carl Chesal

Cell Tower Valuation Q and A

Getting an accurate cell tower valuation of what your cell phone tower or rooftop cellular site’s value should be worth is not as easy as talking to a real estate appraiser. Most real estate appraisers know nothing about vertical real estate. There are no databases of cell tower lease rates of surrounding towers or cell sites. That information is site specific and proprietary, and real estate appraisers have no access to it. In fact, even seasoned real estate attorneys have little idea or are completely clueless about what the appropriate values of cell tower assets are once the steel is in the air. Here’s the basic cell tower valuation formula we use to determine lease rates for landlords in the USA and Canada.

High Demand for Coverage + Low Supply of Available Cell Sites = Higher Landlord Profitability.

Crucial in determining value of a particular cell tower site is analyzing how that specific cell site ties into the carrier’s wireless network. Since each wireless carrier though utilizing the same rooftop or monopole tower locations have different criteria for meeting their radio frequency and coverage objectives just as each set of frequencies offer various levels of penetration of signal within buildings and coverage areas, so the values of the leases will also differ in most cases, when taking into consideration other aspects such as zoning, land use, topography and supply of alternate locations. High carrier demand with a low supply of available sites that can be leased equal a higher rental price for the landlord. We have seen major wireless carriers paying as little as $100 per year for a cell tower (yes $8.33/month) up to $14,000 per month for a single cell site.

Typical cell site valuation Q&A’s…

Q: Our rooftop cell site has multiple carriers leasing space. Technicians are constantly going in and out of our building, and some of these rooftop antenna leases have changed hands more than once. I have no idea of what infrastructure we have up there, and if we are getting the proper rental amount as it seems to me that they keep adding more equipment?

A: This is a typical question we hear every week. Our answer may surprise you, but we have found that at least 30% of all rooftop cell sites are not in compliance with the terms of their lease agreements, and as a result the landlords are not being compensated properly. We have also found many issues with cell phone tower leases, albeit not as frequent or severe as issues observed with the rooftop antenna sites we have seen in the United States and in Canada. We estimate that the values of approximately quarter of cellular leases are incorrectly appraised for this reason. When any deviation is present on site favoring the landlord, they gain an advantageous position from a negotiating standpoint. A cell tower audit or a rooftop cell site audit performed properly can significantly impact the future value of a wireless lease for the landlord and impact the true value of your carrier lease.

Q: Perhaps you are wondering what should your monthly rental rate be on your tower or rooftop site if the carrier is trying to expand or is upgrading to 4G LTE antennas? Do you determine the value of the upgrade to the square footage of the expansion in proportion to the area they are currently occupying, or do you count the number of antennas they are adding?

A: There is no database of cell site lease rates, additionally, cellular carriers are not comfortable with publicly disclosing what rent they are paying on a given cell site lease. If you look hard enough you can see what municipalities are getting from carriers like Verizon Wireless, T-Mobile, US Cellular, Metro PCS and AT&T because the towns publish the information. Occasionally when a landlord plays hardball with a carrier in a negotiation their real estate department or lawyers will disclose a short list of property addresses where they are paying $1,000 per month for example. But these lists are never accurate nor are they complete if the carrier is providing them to landlords to get you to sign on the dotted line. The value of the LTE upgrade or 4G upgrades that are primarily being done by Verizon and AT&T can be worth a few hundred dollars extra to landlords. However with the site expansions and ALL cell tower leases, the lease rates are site specific and need to be reviewed on a site by site basis. The determining factor is what they are trying to cover, and the availability of alternative sites willing to take less money per month than you, and the cost to develop that alternate site. It’s all about leverage.

Q. If my cellular tower is so important to the carrier’s wireless network, and they recently added more equipment and increased the rent when they signed the LTE lease amendment, why then are they trying to lower the monthly rent only a few months later?

A. Your cell site is probably very important to the network of the carrier but they will never admit that to you because you do not speak Telecom in all likelihood. You’d think that multi-billion dollar corporations had the foresight to plan 5 or 10 years ahead when they built a cell tower?

Q: What about this Right of First Refusal (ROFR) clause that they are trying to get you to sign? Does that affect the value of the tower in the future?

A: Since a cell site lease is a commodity and is bought and sold like ay other commodity. On Wall Street, when someone wants to purchase a Right they pay money for that option to make the purchase. When you give up the Right of First Refusal you are essentially giving up your right to let the free market determine the value of your cell tower rental revenue stream. If you are going to agree to that, shouldn’t it be worth something? Do you think that if a lease buyout company sees that Carrier X has a ROFR on your lease, they will make you an aggressive offer? Why should they? The carrier with the ROFR only needs to match it.

So what is the actual value of your cell tower asset?

Landlords in the United States, what is the fair market value of your Verizon Wireless, AT&T Wireless, Alltel, Cingular, Clearwire, LightSquared, West Central Wireless, Cricket, Alaska Communications, Cox Communications, GCI Communications, Cellular One, Frontier Wireless, US Cellular, MetroPCS or Sprint Nextel lease? Canadian landlords, how much is your Aliant Mobility, MTS Mobility, Bell Mobility, Mike (Telus Mobility), Fido (Microcell), Mobilicity, PC Mobile, Primus Canada Wireless, Public Mobile, Rogers Wireless, SaskTel Mobility, Telus Mobility, WIND Mobile rooftop or tower lease rate valued at? What’s it worth if they want to expand the Premise and add an upgraded array of antennas? Well… that’s the sixty-four thousand dollar question, isn’t it?

And don’t expect the cellular carriers to provide you with the answers or any guidance whatsoever regarding the site-specific values of tower or rooftop leases. Landlords will never know the true values of their cell site leases until they have a comprehensive cell tower lease audit.

Source by Steven Kazella

Do Snakes Take Revenge?

Snakes are very common in tropical countries. In villages and bushy places, people encounter snakes everyday. Many beliefs have developed based on their experiences.One of them is the power of snakes to take remember someone and take revenge. The arrogance of human beings that we are the only brainy species on the globe very easily ruled out this possibility and started finding only ways of disproving it rather than going to find the truth. However, truly, I believe that it is only the human beings who have least pardoning /forgiving mentality in the universe compared to any species of life and highest instinct or anger for taking revenge.

There will be a lot of difference between the snakes under captivity and in wild. All studies performed were with the snakes under captivity. However, any myths or beliefs grow around interesting or good looking species only. Following this rule, almost all beliefs related to snakes are wound around COBRAS only. Also, there are many types of beliefs about cobras, but in this article, I will restrict myself to only their power to take revenge. With respect to their power to take revenge, there are several types of beliefs,

  • If a cobra escapes hurt, when we try to kill it, – it remembers and comes back to take revenge
  • If a male cobra or female cobra is killed, the spouse takes revenge and dies

In the famous book, Snakes of India by J. Deoras, he mentions that the most general cobra – Naja naja, when agitated or cornered, it raises its hood and anterior part of the body and if the attacker is in the vicinity of about two and a half feet circumference, it tries to attack for defense. If the person is far, it tries to retreat and escape, unless there is no way. In this regard, I myself have the personal experience. When I was doing my Ph. D. in Biochemistry at Osmania University, Hyderabad, India, due to heavy plantation and bushes, we often used encounter snakes, including cobras. One day, someone saw a cobra (Naja naja) going on the corridor. Because, the flooring is of polished stones, it was not able to move fast. So, we all went running to see it. It was just dragging its body with difficulty. Some mischievous guy, started imitating it and went very near. It immediately, turned back with a big hiss and hood expanded. The guy screamed and ran back. It did not show any interest in chasing us or the guy. Just turned its head back and escaped into the bushes.

In different scattered articles, several other authors mentioned that an African mumba had no difficulty in finding the attacker in a group.

One main argument between Snake revenge supporting and opposing people is, the former group says, “we have seen the snake again in the same place or attacker’s house. If it is not to take revenge, what could be the reason for it to appear again. Not to die”. Whereas the so called opponents dispute, by saying, “it is just incidental”.

But, nowhere we see a systematic study by either supporters to prove that it is the same snake which came back to the same area or by the opponents that it is not the same snake and appearance of the snake is for SURE, incidental. However, Science, says, “The size of snake’s brain is very small and it cannot remember for a long time to take revenge.” However, it is known that snakes have a very great power of smell and response to the transmission of vibrations through substratum or soil. Several recent studies prove that it is not good to judge intelligence based on brain – body mass ratio. For example: During the recent Tsunami, no squirrel has died. They did not import any earthquake or Tsunami detecting technology from USA. They sensing technology given by GOD. They all ran away and saved their lives. The arrogant human beings, thinking that they are brainy, died.

In the case of Dogs, we see the incidents of taking revenge beyond any doubt. However, possessing the power to remember an incident that happened some time back and taking revenge on an attacker are two different things. Even if a snake remembers also, it may not have the psychology of taking revenge, which we have.

However, remembering something and responding is possible at least in the case of the most clever and furious KING COBRA. Because, it is known that King cobra, male / female, take care of the eggs and when they sense some animal or persons approaching near their nest, the cobra attacks even before they face an attack. This tells that probably, they remember some experience of attack, sense it again and so attack without provocation. This only indicates that it can remember and attack, but does not clarify whether it takes revenge or not.

The second point which supporters of the snake revenge cite is that, the escaped snake later came when the person is sleeping and in some cases bitten the same person. However, in this case, there is no proof that it is the same snake that came again. Those who oppose, say that, ” when disturbed or during breeding season, the snakes emit a malodorous MUSK type of compound from their cloacal glands. Presence of some particles on the attacker’s clothes attract any other nearby snake to go to him”. But, again there is no evidence that it is a different snake. Also, snakes or opossums release smell, when threatened. Whether they go chasing the smell other than during breeding season is not clear. It is very well known that snakes chase /search their prey by smelling the air particles. So, in this case release of MUSK, when threatened could also be a method to easily find the attacker later, who knows.

So, my only argument is, the point of whether the snakes or at least cobras, take revenge or not has not been studied beyond doubt. Concluding that they cannot take revenge simply based on the brain to body mass ratio is not correct. They might have the power to remember and chase for a long time, whether they take revenge or not.

Coming to the point of male or female taking revenge if their counterpart is killed is a good romantic story. These stories are attributed to only divine snakes. So, this is all related to the belief in divinity and God. God is a belief, so is this. In addition, in India, there is a state called “Nagaland”, means land of cobras. In mythology also, references have been made about Nagalokam means World of Cobras. So, may be those people who pray cobras as their God and wear dress and ornaments depicting Cobras are thought as divine cobras which attained human form. So, if they happened take revenge, may be it was thought that Cobras also do the same.

However, an UNAMBIGUOUS STUDY on this topic is still lacking.

Source by Venkata Vepachedu

A Certified Guitar Appraisal

A Certified Guitar Appraisal is not just a one page document with a value on it. It is a report written only after thoroughly inspecting the guitar and gathering information about the guitar builder, the guitar, and the market in which it is normally sold. Additionally, the appraisal is based on actual comparable sales similar to a Real Estate Appraisal. The appraiser should have information on three to four other sales from three to four sources in order to set an accurate value. One blue colored book is not enough to accurately appraise the value of your guitar, nor is an online Web site with one click estimates a value after you input a serial number. A Certified Guitar Appraisal has many sections of information.

Why should you seek an appraisal from a Certified Appraiser? The IRS made a new ruling that for Donations, Estate Settlement, and Marriage Dissolution you must have a Certified Appraisal. Now many insurance companies are following the same requirements. The IRS can fine an appraiser for over or under valuing a guitar. There is accountability. Certified Appraisers cannot give “ball park figures”, we have to be accurate.

Many people just want to know what their guitar is worth to be able to sell it. If you have a vintage or very unusual guitar or a guitar that has a celebrity history and want to sell it or insure it, then it is advised that you have the guitar authenticated and appraised by a Certified Appraiser.

This article will explore what is typically included within a Certified Guitar Appraisal.

Type of Value

We need to decide what is the point of the appraisal, and then decide what type of value we must use. For most, the two main values is either Fair Market Value or Replacement Value Comparable. Fair Market Value is used when someone wants to sell or donate their guitar. Replacement Value Comparable is the value used when you want to have your guitar insured or file an insurance claim. Replacement Value Comparable usually produces the higher estimate.

Literal Description – Identification and Classification

In guitar appraisal, the next thing to do is to identify the guitar. This may seem simple but we need to decide what type of guitar it is. In the USA, there are many types of guitars: Classical Guitar, Acoustic Guitar, Solidbody Electric guitar, Archtop guitar, Lap steel guitar, Resonator guitar, and 12-string Electric guitar. This also applies to bass guitars

Size of Body

The size of the guitar body would be the next feature that has to be listed such as Dreadnaught, Parlor, thinline, Grand, and Concert.

Manufacturer Brand and Country of Origin

There are hundreds of manufactures. The top three in the world are Fender, Gibson, and Martin. There are many other top guitar builders such as Rickenbacker, BC Rich, Gretsch, and Guild. The manufacture could have a lower line manufactured in another country. This needs to be stated. As a Certified Appraiser, I would have to write about who the manufacture is and what their ranking is within the music products industry. I am required to do the same with the specific model of the guitar.


Next would come the model name or model number. Some manufactures have both a number and a name. Clients will tell me they have a Fender Stratocaster Electric guitar. Stratocaster is the model; however there are over 175 variation models of the Stratocaster model. With each year, small improvements or changes were made. This is also true with Telecasterelectric guitars and Gibson Les Paul electric guitar models. Color can also add or take away from the value.


Features of guitars can be shaping of the body, materials used, how many pickups they have, where are the placement of the knobs, the width of the fingerboard or the shaping of the fingerboard, the types of frets, the type of tuners, and bridge.

The Year it was Manufactured

In regards to year of manufacturer, many will say, “just go by the serial number”. Many guitar builders started without any serial numbers. Some serial numbers are sequential while others are a code. Some of the codes tell me year, month, day, and production number.

A manufacture might make a special run of guitars. They may give those a separate serial number system. The serial number might reflect which plant it was manufactured. Serial numbers can be duplicated many times within the same company. I have a Gibson 335 electric guitar with a serial number that is listed in four different years. Besides the serial number, you have to look at the features of the guitar. Consider this: on December 31 of every year, the manufacture does not throw out all parts and start with new parts on January 1.

Known Modifications and Identifying Marks

In appraising a vintage guitar it is important to list known modifications as it can greatly affect value. We also list identifying marks in case someone scratched off the serial number.


The report should have photos taken by the appraiser to show its condition on the effective date of the appraisal. The client’s photos are not used because the photo could have been taken 10 years prior. An old photo might not show a bowed neck.

Other Elements

Other elements of a Certified Guitar Appraisal will include a bibliography of where this information was gathered; a condition graph explaining what that appraiser means by “Good Condition”. The report might also have a glossary of terms so a judge, an attorney, or insurance adjuster, who is not familiar with the details of a guitar, can understand the report. The client’s information must be kept confidential. The appraisal reports should state where the appraiser gathered the information and include the appraiser’s credentials showing their experience with guitars and formal education in appraisal studies.

You now know the basics of what kind of information is included in a Certified Guitar Appraisal Report. If you were smart enough to have purchased a good quality guitar, then be smart enough to protect it by having it insured and having a Certified Appraisal performed to establish an accurate value.

If you have inherited a guitar or plan to leave your guitar collection to a family member or friend, then you should know what the value of each guitar is worth. Certified Guitar Appraisals can be costly; you are going to pay for the knowledge, experience and education of a Certified Appraiser. However, you will receive a report that is accurate and will hold up in a court of law.

Source by Rebecca Apodaca

Composites – What is the Potential of Any Relationship?

Recently I explored relationships from the standpoint of the individuals involved, which is astrologically termed synastry. Each of the two people in a relationship is viewed individually for their personal relating potential. Once each is individually described, a comparison between the two describes the more intimate details of their story. However, there is more than one way to look at relationships. At the moment any pairing occurs, a new dynamic is produced which is termed a relationship. Relationships occur on so many levels: parent and child, marriage, boss and worker, teacher and student, siblings, in-laws, law and criminal, doctor and patient, stalker and victim, clergy and parishioner, to name a few.

Regardless of how many people we meet and the circumstances under which we meet them, in a split second of time a unique relationship is formed, one that did not exist prior to that moment and will cease to exist if the two people involved choose not to pursue it. Some of these meetings are brief such as a waitress handing you a cup of coffee. Some last a lifetime such as family members or marriage partners.

The bond that occurs between a mother and a child at the moment of birth is unique. After many years of refusing to allow the father to be present at the birth, the medical establishment currently encourages the father’s participation. The split-second bonding that the mother has always experienced is now available to the father. Yes! Nothing can equal that incredible moment and nothing can capture it once it has passed without the father’s participation. The mother really does not have a choice at childbirth; her participation is mandatory. Many years ago I took a workshop by Joseph Chilton Pearce in which this birth moment bonding process was explored. I immediately went home and told my son and his pregnant wife to be sure they were both part of the birthing process if it was at all possible. Many grandkids later, my whole family encourages this experience because of the bonding that occurs at the instant of birth.

Suppose I have ten friends. Each pairing provides a unique friendship. This takes nothing away from my other nine friends and enlarges each of our lives because of those friendships. I am bettered and my friend is bettered by our friendship. If I am a better person because of that friendship, I will be a better person to all my other friends, family, co-workers, etc. Whatever adds to my personal dimension in a positive fashion affects everything I do and everyone I touch with my more positive self. Conversely, if I am in a relationship that is negative, that negativity also affects all other relationships in which I participate if I am in any way diminished or compromised in the experience of that one relationship. I have been lessened therefore I am less than what I could be with all whom I come in contact.

To me there seem to be parts or stages to relationships in general. There is an initial introductory part… the beginning. Next comes the process, duration and nature of the relationship. A third stage might have to do with endings or finality. This would translate loosely to a beginning, a middle and an end. I am sure there are other divisions or stages to explore. Each stage has myriad possibilities for experience as each relationship is unique. Astrologically we can easily look at the potential of any relationship (the beginning) and we can also look at the reality of the relationship (the middle and possibly the end). At times the potential and the reality of a relationship work harmoniously. What we see is what we get. At other times a relationship does not live up to its potential. What we see is not what we get. It would be helpful to compare both possibility and reality to determine which relationships have a better chance of success in real life terms. In this article we will examine the potential of the relationship using the composite wheel. The reality of a relationship will be covered in a companion article.

The method by which you construct a composite wheel is to start with the natal (birth) wheels of each of the two individuals involved. Briefly, there are 13 major points that are traditional when reading astrologically: the Sun, Moon, and the eight planets, the ascendant, midheaven and lunar nodes. Thirteen points are primary out of a possible 360-degree circle for each person. You construct these points by adding together the two Suns, the two Moons, the two ascendants, etc. separately. Once you have obtained those totals, you divide each of them by two and that gives you the new figures for the composite wheel. Example: Sun #1 plus Sun #2 divided by two equals the composite Sun. The new wheel is drawn by traditional rules and is called a composite. In our modern era, computer-generated wheels do all the work for you. You have a wheel.

At this point you must do a very unusual thing with your mind. You must stop thinking of the individuals involved and keep your focus on the relationship as an entity. This wheel is not about the individuals, no matter how much one individual wants to slant it in their own direction. This map is about the potential of the relationship that is formed not the individual people involved. I am repeating the word potential for a reason. Because of the mathematics involved, this artificial wheel assumes that the two people involved will meet each other half way on all issues, 50/50, and that is not remotely possible in any society. There must be give and take between the two people involved in any relationship but equalization on all issues is a fantasy. The composite allows you to see the idealized potential but may not fit the actuality of the experience over time. Why?

At the beginning of any meaningful relationship, the people involved really have high hopes for the relationship and are on their best behavior to ensure that the relationship continues. This is an unnatural behavior because none of us can be on our best behavior forever. Sooner or later we will relax into normalcy (for us) and that produces change in the relationship. It is not faking or intentional, it is natural. Most of us will do whatever we must to cement a relationship and then we relax. Over time the potential that enticed us may not turn out to be our actual experience. This can be disillusioning and disappointing but it may not be deliberate. Eventually we each will be true to our own selves as the “ideal” gives way to “reality.” If we have made the mistake of putting one another on pedestals this could be devastating as one or both fall off those pedestals. The repercussions from such falls can get very nasty.

Composite is the technique that has been easily available to astrologers for many years both as hand-cast wheels and computer printouts. It is an excellent tool for exploring the potential of the relationship and has been the most popular choice of astrologers worldwide. The alternative is called the relationship wheel and is based in reality but was extremely difficult to calculate by hand. With the advent of computer printouts, this wheel has become increasingly available. The body of information and experience to support this alternative technique is growing but far more information is currently available for the composite technique.

How to Read A relationship in its initial stages can be such a delight. Our imagination and our wishes for a good life are in full bloom as we explore the possibilities. The question is will the ongoing relationship live up to our expectations? It is not individuals who disappoint us. It is our unrealistic expectations that cause failure and frustration. A person on a pedestal has only one direction to go and that is off. We might discover that our knight in shining armor is rusty with a nasty disposition or that any female involved may not be the virtuous Maid Marion.

  • The composite Sun describes the inherent nature and identity of the couple’s relationship potential by sign and the arena of strongest influence by house.
  • The composite Moon describes the nesting urge and the emotional makeup of the couple’s relationship potential by sign and the arena where those issues will play out by house.
  • Composite Mercury describes the communication and decision-making function of the couple’s relationship potential by sign and the arena where that will play out by house.
  • Composite Venus describes the relating ability and social and financial values of the couple’s relationship potential by sign and the arena where that will play out by house.
  • Composite Mars describes the action, assertive and aggressive functions of the couple’s relationship potential by sign and the arena where that will play out by house.
  • Composite Jupiter describes the expansive, philosophical and worldview of the couple’s relationship potential by sign and the arena where that will play out by house.
  • Composite Saturn describes the traditional, responsible, organizing function of the couple’s relationship potential by sign and the arena where that will play out by house.
  • Composite Uranus describes the forward-seeking, non-traditional, unusual facets of the couple’s relationship potential by sign and the arena where that will play out by house. Can you say chemistry?
  • Composite Neptune describes the imagination, inspiration or the delusional function of the couple’s relationship potential by sign and the arena where that will play out by house.
  • Composite Pluto describes the power, manipulation or obsessive/compulsive function of the couple’s relationship potential by sign and the arena where that will play out by house.
  • The composite ascendant shows the couple’s projection, coping skills, and response to the environment of the couple’s relationship potential by sign. (The ascendant is the 1st house cusp). This is how the relationship itself is viewed by others.
  • The composite midheaven shows the couple’s drive to goals, stature and potential for success as the couple’s team relationship potential by sign. (The midheaven is the 10th house cusp). This is what expresses the couple’s need to achieve or accomplish.
  • The composite north lunar node shows the group interaction and collective influence of outsiders to the couple’s relationship potential by sign and the arena where that will play out by house.

The traditional use of aspects will illustrate the inter-relationship between the composite planets and points. I do reduce the orb of effect to 5 degrees because the composite is a construct and not a real time and space wheel.

Always remember that the composite and the reading is about a couple and not the individuals. Include the word potential in your readings because the composite represents what the relationship is and how it will work if the couple meets each other 50% of the way on all issues.

Composites are quite valuable in the initial stage of the relationship because that is what the people involved are seeing and experiencing. If you have concerns about what you see in the composite as an astrologer it is not easy to get the participants to see your concerns clearly. They see the relationship through the filter of wants, needs and expectations. They want it to succeed so it is difficult to accept that problems may be lurking. Sometimes you have to rain on someone’s parade to point out all the facets you see and not just the positives. The reality check occurs in the companion relationship wheel that is based on real-time calculations. Stay tuned.

Recommended reading:

Relationships – An Astrological Look at Possibilities

Relationships – Synastry – Who are You? Who am I? How Do We Affect One Another?

Source by Marilyn Muir

Famous TV Shows – The Young And The Restless Soap Opera

For more than thirty four years The Young and the Restless

soap opera has been a success on TV. What is interesting is

that it’s even highly attractive to college education and career

women. Camille Paglia, a professor of Art and author, confessed

that she has been watching it for 20 years plus. What is so

attractive about this show and why has it won so many

daytime Emmy awards ( at least seven)?

The dramas each day of course include romance but also lots

of family, business and corporate situations. Recently on a

forum I read that some women will work all day at their high

tech jobs and then at night replay the show while they iron

clothing for next day of work.

They have their share of return from the dead story lines,

but generally there is a level of realism in the themes

presented touching on daily concerns such as infidelity,

financial problems, jealousy, death of a family member,

promotion anxiety and very relatable concerns. This makes

“The Young and the Restless” not just another “rich and

famous type of show” that is out of the league of many viewers.

Nonetheless, there is the question of why people want to

watch a show that has so many crisis and unhappy situations

that unfold. When Nick and Sharon’s daughter Cassie died

last year the forums were buzzing about their grief over

this. Is it cathartic to view something similar to what we

may experience in our own lives?

Are we looking to see the way others cope and adjust to

difficult situations in order to gain coping skills

ourselves? The tragedies on a soap opera aren’t real yet we

cry despite that. We know these characters are not harmed

and may even watch them on talk shows in the morning when

they are interviewed! We know these different circumstances

haven’t really happened, yet they are so gripping to watch.

One recent incident that was popular at The Young and the

Restless was when Sheila kidnapped the babies of Phyllis and

her friend Lauren. These shows had high ratings (and it was a

bit confusing since Sheila had plastic surgery to look exactly

like Phyllis)! So many people fear having their kids kidnapped.

Also people are afraid of someone irrational and Sheila was the

best example of this as she shifted in and out of paranoia, lucidity

and jealousy. We have a deep fascination we have with someone

who is highly intelligent but has an obsessive side where

they redirect all that intelligence in an unhealthy way.

Another topic that was popular was the competition between

Nikki Newman and Jack Abbot for the state senator seat. They

both had their own share of hidden dirt that became exposed

and viewers were drawn to this due to the fascination of

slander, competition and political dramas.

At one point Jack’s campaign team even hid a camera in Nikki’s

conference room and recorded her kiss with her campaign

manager. Is there a question most of us have about whether

people have secrets and what are they? Are people always

acting with ulterior motives? Is there any honesty left in

the world?

One other aspect of the Young and the Restless that touches

contemporary audiences is the conflict between loving two

people romantically at the same time. This has been an

eternal theme throughout literature and what is refreshing

in the show is the dialog the characters have as they try

to clarify these matters. Though not as philosophical as

“Sex in the City”, there are reflections the characters

have on timeless themes including money versus love,

blackmail, lying to one’s spouse, the trials of taking care

of someone with an illness and parenting questions.

By having realistic daily scenarios combined with lots of

passion and corporate dramas with intelligent dialogs,

The Young and the Restless TV show works for many viewers as

a supplement to their day providing ideas for reflection,

entertainment and vicarious living.

Source by Courtney J. Howe